Sant Mat/Advait Mat
Shiv Dayal (alias Shri Paramhans Dayal Ji Maharaj,
alias Swami Advait Anand Ji Maharaj, alias Shree/Shri Dada
- Shiv Dayal is the origin of several branches of Santmat today, in India and elsewhere.
- Swami Sarup/Swarup Anand Ji Maharaj (the 2nd master alias Sarupanand, alias Hari Har Baba - master of Shri Hans) 18841936 was the official successor of Shiv Dayal. He is the origin of the Advait Mat group based in Guna (in Shri Anandpur, Madhya Pradesh, India).
Whilst Swarupanand was alive, and after he passed away, many gurus claimed his spiritual heritage ... including:
The gurus of Shri Nangli Sahib and the gurus of
Shri Nangli Tirth (see The
Indian Group claiming Swarupanand's
Shiv Dayal Singh Sahib (alias Soamiji Maharaj) 1818-1878 (not to be mistaken with Shiv Dayal 1846-1919 see above) creates the Agra Radhasoami Satsang in 1861. He was a disciple of Tulsi Sahib of Hatras (from the Sant tradition where Santmat originates) and Girdhari Das (died in 1861) - but he left this group and created his own lineage. Regarded as the founder of Radhasoami; he popularized Surat Shabd yoga, and expressed the teachings of Sant mat in a simplified and easy to understand manner (Dr Lane).
The six main successors to Shiv Dayal Singh (http://vm.mtsac.edu/~dlane/rs1.html) were:
Rai Salig Ram, who started his ministry in Peepal
These above 6 main successors created 3 main groups, each one of them claiming to be the only heir !
1/ Radhasoami Satsang (Soamibagh or Peepal Mandi) (original ashram), near Agra founded by Rai Saligram (Bahadur) Mat Prakash, (alias Hazur Maharaj) - died in 1898.
2/ Radhasoami Satsang (Dayalbagh), near Agra.
3/ Radhasoami Satsang (Beas), created by Jaimal Singh (1838-1903, initiated by Shiv Dayal Sahib), Dera Ashram, Beas, Punjab.
But after Sawan Singh's death the Beas group split in several branches. Their main gurus were:
Charan Singh 1916-1990 (Hazur Baba Sawan Singh's
grandson) and official successor;
Charan Singh and Kirpal Singh have several successors these days.
There are now dozens, and maybe hundreds of groups claiming the Santmat/Radhasoami heritage - including groups hiding it ! Many of these groups are well established in West, Elan Vital/Divine Light Mission being only one of them - and Prem Rawat (as well as his father) never mentioned in any of their official lineages.
Dispute over successorship and quarrels seems to be a characteristic common to all these groups - many of them suing each other for more than 50 years !
As Patrick Wilson states: "Lineage is almost meaningless and irrelevant except that it brings to attention the precious way Guru's and maybe more so - their disciples - value it when it suits them, and it shows how naive and pompous their thinking can be.
The value of looking at Lineages in as much accurate historical detail as possible, is that it demystifies the 'spin' that there has always been a clear transmission of power from Guru to Guru. Nothing could be further from the truth. Hence a premie might learn how incredibly 'unlikely' it is that their Master and 'Knowledge' are so unique and also may be able to understand the more prosaic reasons behind their Master's perceived status and the social context that made him what he is.
other words, given the social conditions and influences that
Maharaji grew up in, it would be hard to imagine that he
could have grown up thinking that he were anything much
other than a Perfect Master (without any 'Divine
AGRA GURUS AND BRANCHES:
Beas Radhasoami Lineage:
Wilson comments on Prem Rawats Lineage:
Mat - Surat Shabd Yoga, Contemporary Guru Lines &
RADHASOAMI TRADITION. A Critical History of Guru
Successorship, by David Christopher Lane, Ph.D., Professor